Dear Guru Maharaja,
Please accept my humble obeisances. All glories to You and Srila Prabhupada.
This is the following verse from chapter 5 of the 5th canto of SB entitled Lord Rsabhadeva’s teachings to HIs Sons…
“Of the two energies manifest [spirit and dull matter], beings possessing living force [vegetables, grass, trees and plants] are superior to dull matter [stone, earth, etc.]. Superior to nonmoving plants and vegetables are worms and snakes, which can move. Superior to worms and snakes are animals that have developed intelligence. Superior to animals are human beings, and superior to human beings are ghosts because they have no material bodies. Superior to ghosts are the Gandharvas, and superior to them are the Siddhas. Superior to the Siddhas are the Kinnaras, and superior to them are the asuras. Superior to the asuras are the demigods, and of the demigods, Indra, the King of heaven, is supreme. Superior to Indra are the direct sons of Lord Brahmā, sons like King Dakṣa, and supreme among Brahmā’s sons is Lord Śiva. Since Lord Śiva is the son of Lord Brahmā, Brahmā is considered superior, but Brahmā is also subordinate to Me, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Because I am inclined to the brāhmaṇas, the brāhmaṇas are best of all.”
Why does it say that ghosts and asuras are superior to human beings? Thank you.
Dear Bhakta Richard,
Receive my blessings. All glories to Srila Prabhupada.
In this case superiority is calculated according to material powers, or capacities.
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